Ekakusta, kitibha and Sidma are some of the types of Kshudra and Maha Kustas (skin diseases) narrated in Ayurveda closely resemble the classical symptoms of Psoriasis.
Psoriasis (Kiṭibha) is well known disease in Ayurvedic fraternity from the time immemorial. A clear disease description is available in Caraka samhita. As per conventional system of medicine psoriasis comes under papulosquamous disorder with a morphological feature of scaly papules and plaques. Psoriasis is an autoimmune disorder of the skin results in hyper proliferation of the skin.
The term Psoriasis originated from the Greek word “Psora” (spelled sora) that means, “itch”. It is a chronic skin disease characterized by dry skin and raised, rough, red areas on the skin covered with fine silvery scales. Erythematous, well defined dry scaly papules and plaques ranges from pin head to palm sized. Due to itch scraping causes multiple bleeding points (Auspitz sign).
The disorder is a chronic recurring condition which varies in severity from minor localized patches to complete body coverage. Fingernails and toenails are frequently affected (psoriatic nail dystrophy) – and can be seen as an isolated finding. Psoriasis can also cause inflammation of the joints, which is known as psoriatic arthritis. 10 to 30% of people with psoriasis have psoriatic arthritis.