Hypertension is a condition in which the blood pressure is chronically elevated. It is considered to be present when a person’s systolic blood pressure is consistently 140 mm Hg or higher, and/or their diastolic blood pressure is consistently 90 mm Hg or higher.

Though a suitable term for the disease condition hypertension is not directly mentioned in the Ayurvedic classics, its symptomatology can be found in the chapters of vata vyadhi, prameha and hridroga. A disease condition vyanabala vaishamya, which can be correlated with hypertension, seems to be resulted from the vaishamya / vikriti of vyana vayu. Thish condition of vaishamya (Disharmony/Disproportion) can be of two types either vriddhi (Increase) or kshaya (Decrease). Hypertension comes under vriddhi type of vaishamya.

Ayurveda management

Line of treatment (Charaka Chikitsa.28/92)

  1. Nidana parivarjana (avoidance of aetiological factors) -According to Ayurveda, avoidance of the causative factor is the first line of treatment for all diseases. Excess intakes of salt and fatty substance should be avoided and certain medicines such asNSAIDS, steroids, cough syrups etc. are also to be taken carefully.
  2. Samshodhana chikikitsa (Bio-cleansing therapies) followed by Samana chikitsa (Palliative therapy) should be advocated.
  3. Lekhana Vasti
  4. Virechana karma (Purgation)

iii.Shirodhara with medicated oils

  1. Takra dhara daily 45 minutes for 14 days

Common medicinal pants

Sarpagandha (Rauwolfia serpentiana Benth ex. Kurz.)Powder

Ashvagandha (Withania somnifera Dunal) Powder

Jatamansi (Nardostachys jatamamasi DC.)Powder

Arjuna (Terminalia arjuna W.and A.) Bark Powder

Rasona (Allium stivum Linn.) ksheerapaka

Few formulations which are commonly used in hypertension

Mamsyadi kvatha

Sarpagandha ghana vati

Brahmi vati

Prabhakara  vati