Hypertension is a condition in which the blood pressure is chronically elevated. It is considered to be present when a person’s systolic blood pressure is consistently 140 mm Hg or higher, and/or their diastolic blood pressure is consistently 90 mm Hg or higher.
Though a suitable term for the disease condition hypertension is not directly mentioned in the Ayurvedic classics, its symptomatology can be found in the chapters of vata vyadhi, prameha and hridroga. A disease condition vyanabala vaishamya, which can be correlated with hypertension, seems to be resulted from the vaishamya / vikriti of vyana vayu. Thish condition of vaishamya (Disharmony/Disproportion) can be of two types either vriddhi (Increase) or kshaya (Decrease). Hypertension comes under vriddhi type of vaishamya.