DIABETES

Diabetes mellitus is a clinical syndrome characterized mainly by hyperglycemia due to absolute or relative deficiency of insulin. Increased demand of Ayurvedic medicine due to high cost and innumerable side effects of allopathic medications are of vital importance. Panchakarma have a major part to do with prevention and management of Diabetes as these are purificatory procedures which removes the stagnated, vitiated Dosha out of body in a natural way. Now a day many Ayurvedic herbal or herbo-mineral formulations have been used in the treatment of Diabetes mellitus throughout the world.

Diabetes Mellitus is called Madhumeha in Ayurveda. It is primarily associated with the Vata dosha. It results due to an aggravation of Vata, the bio humor associated with wind and dryness. When Vata is impaired/obstructed, ojas that is sweet in nature is transformed into astringent that makes it honey-like in nature. Obstructed Vata causes all the tissues of the body to deteriorate and thus, affects all the vital organs.

Treatment

According to Ayurveda the line of treatment of prameha is strictly on individual’s constitution.  It is based on an  entire  change  in  the lifestyle of the person, along with medication and diet, the patient is also advised to lead a healthy  lifestyle and  live an active life. Even mental aspects of the disease are stressed.

There are two types of diabetics:

  1. Sthoulya (Obese)
  2. Krusha (Asthenic)

1.In Sthoulya

 The treatment must be mainly based on proper utilization of excess fat.

  1. Shodhana (purification process)
  2. Apatarpana – reduction in body weight by way of diet control or drugs, Vyayam, basti (administered of medicine through the anal route – in specific conditions)
  • Physical exercise
  1. In krusha

 Asthenic type  the treatment should be  mainly based on the  line of

increasing  stamina  and  vitality  by  way  of  tonics  (brumhana)  diet,

drugs etc., and the patient should never be given excessive Langhana

or Apatarpana i.e. he should not be starved.